Kings and Clans: Ijwi Island and the Lake Kivu Rift, 1780-1840, Volume 10

Couverture
Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1991 - 371 pages
By reconstructing the history of kings and clans in the Kivu Rift Valley (on the border of today's Rwanda and Zaire) at a time of critical social change, David Newbury enlarges our understanding of social process and the growth of state power in Africa. In the early nineteenth century, many factors contributed to the creation of new social relations in the Lake Kivu region--ecological change, population movement, the expansion of the Rwandan state from the east, the rise of new political units to the west, and the movement of many population groups and their ritual forms through the area. Newbury looks in particular at the role of clans in the establishment of a new kingdom on Ijwi Island in Lake Kivu.
Drawing on detailed ethnographic observations of the social and ritual organizations of Ijwi society, an extensive body of oral data, and evidence from written sources, Newbury shows that the clans of Ijwi were not static formations, nor did the establishment of a royal family on the island emerge from military conquest and internal social breakdown. Instead, clan identities changed over time, and these changes actually facilitated the creation of kingship on Ijwi. Through a detailed examination of succession struggles, of local factors influencing the outcome of such struggles, and of specific clan participation in public rituals that legitimize royalty, Newbury's study illustrates the importance of clan identities in both the creation of state power and its reproduction over time.
 

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Table des matières

Introduction
3
Ijwi Island Today
21
The Regional Context
41
An Overview of Kivu Culture c 1750
43
The Process of Social Transformation on Ijwi Island
65
Rwanda and the Rift
81
The Island Context
97
Ties across the Lake
99
The Antecedents of Basibula Royalty
145
The Arrival of the Basibula Dynasty on Ijwi
156
The Social Alliances of the Basibula on Ijwi
166
External Alliances and the Establishment of Royalty on Ijwi
178
The Muganuro Ceremony
200
Conclusion
227
Clan Statistics on Ijwi
249
Glossary of Place Names
325

Claiming Ritual Status
111
Creating Ritual Status
126
The Court Context
143

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À propos de l'auteur (1991)

David Newbury is associate professor of history at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

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